Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between ‘engineered’ and ‘solid wood’ flooring?

Solid wood flooring is solid wood typically milled to a thickness of ¾” but, as a custom mill, we can offer other specified dimensions (for example, the new Whitney Museum floor was milled to 1.5” thick). Some advantages of solid wood flooring: Solid wood floors can be resanded 4-5 times (assuming ¾” thickness), while engineered floors can only be sanded 3-4 times. Solid wood flooring can be milled up to 18” wide and up to 20’ long, well beyond what is possible with engineered flooring.

Engineered flooring is typically milled to a total thickness of ¾” but with a 5 mm lamella (or top ‘wear layer’) glued to an Exterior Grade Baltic Birch. Engineered floors have some advantages over solid wood floors.

  • Engineered floors can be more stable than solid wood.
  • Engineered floors can have the identical aesthetic appearance of solid floors.
  • Engineered floors can be milled up to 12 feet long.
  • Engineered floors can be glued directly to concrete, making them attractive for retail and new construction applications.

We engineer both reclaimed flooring and select harvest flooring and mill all of our products to your custom specifications.

What are the advantages of pre-finished wood floors?


Pre-finished wood floors are finished in a controlled environment which allows more aesthetic control, greater durability and faster installation.

Pre-finished floors offer more control of finish color and texture, including surface treatments such as Hand Scraped, Wire Brushed, Distressed, Torched, Bleached, Charred, and Beveled.

Our pre-finished floors have a top coat of either low-VOC natural oil or low-VOC water-based polyurethane. Application under controlled conditions will provide superior durability.

Site-finished floors require sanding and sufficient dry times in between each coat, in an undisturbed, temperature-controlled and dust-free environment. In practical terms, this means that no other trades can proceed for 7-12 days of site finishing.

With pre-finished floors, the installer is not sanding on site and creating the dust that can interrupt the progress of the other trades.

When it comes to wide plank wood flooring, how wide is too wide?

Depending on the species, The Hudson Company is able to mill wide plank wood flooring up to 20” wide in solid flooring, and 10” in engineered flooring, available in ¾” or ⅝” thick.

However, designers should note that the wide plank flooring will have greater seasonal movement than narrow plank flooring and be more susceptible to structural failure than narrower plank floors.

That said, when installing wide plank floors, several techniques can be used to mitigate movement and damage including:
  • The use of quarter sawn woods.
  • Maintaining a controlled relative humidity.
  • Face fastening.
  • Pairing adhesive and fasteners, which we recommend for planks wider than 5”.

What is Select Harvest flooring?

Select Harvest flooring is sustainably harvested, ‘new wood’ sourced from local, private landowners. All of The Hudson Company’s Select Harvest wood inventory has been hand selected specifically for its high-quality and aesthetic properties.

Unlike Reclaimed wood, Select Harvest wood has never been used in previous architectural applications.

What does it mean that you are FSC Certified?

The FSC is the Forest Stewardship Council and FSC certification ensures that products come from responsibly managed forests that provide environmental, social and economic benefits.

The FSC Principles and Criteria provide a foundation for all forest management standards globally, including the FSC US National Standard (v1.0) that guides forest management certification in the U.S.

In short, we meet or exceed every guideline created for the responsible management of forest resources.

What does it mean that you are LEED compliant?

LEED, or Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design, is a green building certification program that recognizes best-in-class building strategies and practices.
To receive LEED certification, building projects satisfy prerequisites and earn points to achieve different levels of certification. Prerequisites and credits differ for each rating system, and teams choose the best fit for their project.

LEED certified buildings save money and resources and have a positive impact on the health of occupants, while promoting renewable, clean energy.

Specifically, The Hudson Company can help our clients and partners earn the following LEED Points:
  1. MRc4 - percentage of materials from pre or post consumer waste,
  2. MRc5 - incorporation of materials that are either harvested or manufactured within 500 miles of the job site, and
  3. MRc7 - utilization of FSC Certified wood products.

Do you install floors or recommend installers?

Yes, we are happy to make recommendations.

The Hudson Company is familiar with a wide network of reliable, experienced installation contractors in New York City, throughout The Hudson River Valley, and in several other cities. We are always happy to make recommendations to our clients and partners.

Do you ship your flooring to the entire continental United States?

Yes, we are able to deliver our products throughout North America as well as internationally.